eBay Gift Card Invoice Attack

In this attack, attackers utilize a lookalike domain to impersonate eBay in an attempt to trick users into sending over payment in gift cards.

Quick Summary of Attack Target

Payload: The payload for this attack is neither a link nor a malware attachment. Like most gift card fraud, it’s entirely text based – the body text and .pdf attachment contain no malicious links or payload, instead relying on the recipient to read and engage with the attacker. The attached invoice states that their car purchase was accepted and that they must send payment in the form of specific eBay or Best Buy gift cards. Additionally, the invoice attachment contains instructions on where to go to purchase gift cards and the proper steps to send over the codes in order to “verify” payment.

Result: If the recipients do not realize that this transaction is fraudulent and unrequited, they may provide attackers with the gift card information and be liable for significant financial loss.

Why was this attack effective?

Convincing Email and Attachment: In this attack, the attacker meticulously impersonated eBay in the message itself and the attachment. The sender’s email address and domain are ‘eBay’ and ‘vpp-motors-department-inc.com’, where VPP is eBay’s ‘Vehicle Protection Program’. Furthermore, the body and attachment consistently emphasize the message originates from eBay and is doctored to appear as a legitimate invoice from eBay.

Tailored Attack: While gift card fraud attacks normally cast a wide net for victims, this particular type of attack is specifically tailored to the recipient. The body text of the email is addressed to the target and all references to shipping and other typical invoice information mention the victim by name. Furthermore, the shipping information for the vehicle appears to be a legitimate address meaning that the attacker has conducted thorough research before sending out this attack to their potential victims.

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